How to write a biology report

how to write a biology report

A rubric for assessing

a student's animal report .

First, get to know your dinosaur. Read as much information about it as you can find. Try the Internet and the library. Get some information about the time when your dinosaur lived and the place(s) it lived (see the sections in with the "Mesozoic Era "). Remember that the Mesozoic Era was very different than the present in many ways, including the climate, geography, plant and animal life, etc. Then, think like a dinosaur.

When you write your report, try to answer as many of the following questions as you can (but unfortunately, not all of these things are known for all dinosaurs):
  • What does its name mean? Often this will tell you something important or interesting about the dinosaur.
  • What did your dinosaur look like? For example, how big was it, what shape was its body, were its legs long or short, did it have horns, plates, crests or claws, describe the teeth, head, neck, tail, etc. Draw a picture if you can. Remember that dinosaur weights are very hard to estimate and can vary widely from one reference to another.
  • How did its anatomy affect its life? For example: a giant sauropod had to eat a lot but didn't have to worry much about protecting itself, a tiny dinosaur probably had to run fast to escape being eaten for dinner, an armored dinosaur didn't have to be fast, but did have to avoid being flipped over, and so on.
  • What did the dinosaur eat and how did it get its food? Where was this dinosaur in the food chain?
  • How did it walk (2 or 4 legs - slow or fast locomotion)?
  • Is there anything special about this dinosaur? This can often be the best part of the report, taking you off on interesting topics.

    For example, how did blood get to a Brachiosaurus ' head, what were Stegosaurus ' plates used for, what was Parasaurolophus ' unusual crest probably used for, or how did Spinosaurus use its sailback?

  • What is known about your dinosaur's behavior, if anything? For example: Is there evidence of herding? Did it nurture its young? Have any nests or eggs been found? How did your dinosaur rate in terms of intelligence?
  • How did it defend itself (and/or attack other animals)?
  • What animals might have attacked it? Or what animals might it have preyed upon? (See the section on when your dinosaur lived during the Mesozoic Era to find some of its contemporaries - the animals with which it lived.)
  • What type of dinosaur was it (how is it classified and what dinosaurs is it closely related to)?
  • When did your dinosaur live? Say it both in terms of how many millions of years ago it was, and what the name of the geologic time period was. Was it an early dinosaur or one of the last before the K-T extinction.
  • What was the Earth like at that time? What was your dinosaur's environment like and what other dinosaurs (and other interesting animals) lived in that environment? What did the Earth's continents look like at that time? (This information is available in the section called "Mesozoic Era .") For example, when the early dinosaurs lived, the earliest mammals had also just appeared.
  • Where have fossils been found? When were they first found? Are there just a few fragments or are there almost complete specimens?
  • Who named the dinosaur? Is there anything interesting about that scientist who named it?
Use your own words. Check your spelling and grammar. Define any technical terms (look them up in the Dinosaur Dictionary ). And remember to think like a dinosaur.


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