Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 2.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014, according to the “third” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The growth rate was the same in the “second” estimate released in February. In the third quarter, real GDP increased 5.0 percent.
Consumer spending more than accounted for the increase in GDP, rising 4.4 percent, compared with 3.2 percent in the third quarter. Consumer spending on both goods and services increased in the fourth quarter.
Other contributors to growth:
- Business investment increased, notably in intellectual property products.
- Exports of goods and services increased; foods, feeds, and beverages was the largest contributor.
Offsetting the contributions to growth:
- Imports of goods and services increased, notably of consumer goods (except food and
autos) as well as petroleum and products.
- Federal government spending on national defense declined.
While the third estimate of real GDP growth was the same as the second estimate, several components were revised. Exports of services were revised up, mainly in travel. Consumer spending was also revised up, notably in health care. Inventory investment was revised down.
Profits fell 1.4 percent at a quarterly rate, after rising 3.1 percent in the third quarter.
Profits of nonfinancial corporations rose 1.4 percent, profits of financial corporations fell 2.7 percent, and profits from the rest of the world fell 8.8 percent.
Annual corporate profits
Profits of nonfinancial corporations rose 2.8 percent, profits of financial corporations fell 8.4 percent, and profits from the rest of the world fell 2.2 percent.