- 1.4 billion
- $13.4 trillion 7.7% growth 8.9% 5-year compound annual growth $9,844 per capita
- $123.9 billion
China’s economic freedom score is 52.7, making its economy the 139th freest in the 2015 Index. Its overall score is 0.2 point higher than last year, with modest improvements in freedom from corruption, business freedom, and labor freedom largely offset by declines in investment freedom and the control of government spending. China is ranked 30th out of 42 countries in the Asia–Pacific region, and its overall score is lower than the global and regional averages.
Over the past five years, economic freedom in China has improved by less than 1.0 point, continuing its patchy and uneven progress since 1995. The one bright spot has been an 8.1-point improvement in labor freedom since 2011. A restrictive residency permitting system remains in place, and gains
in labor freedom have been largely offset by losses in other factors, including a 5.5-point decline in the control of government spending.
A more comprehensive set of economic reforms is desperately needed, especially a loosening of the government’s stranglehold on investment flows. The Communist Party’s control of all levels of government continues to undermine confidence in the rule of law and interfere with the development of an independent judiciary. Institutionalized cronyism is prevalent.
Under the government of Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping, China has talked about the need for economic “rebalancing” (the shifting of power and wealth from state-owned enterprises and local governments to the household sector), but real changes in power relationships have been hard to detect. Reforms to improve labor mobility have gained no traction. Tensions in the South and East China Seas have increased with Beijing’s unilateral declaration of an Air Defense Identification Zone and its deployment of an oil rig in Vietnamese waters. China has achieved impressive GDP growth based on economic reforms and greater integration into the world trading and financial systems since the late 1970s. The size of its industrial and manufacturing sector now rivals that of the United States.