"Barbarous" Imitations of Roman CoinsAncient coin circulation seems to have seen a continuum of
- Official Roman coins
- "Subaerates " with only a copper core instead of precious metal, likely issued secretely by official mints to increase profit for the Roman fiscus
- Coins minted under local Roman authority using local Celtic/Germanic artists with various degrees of "barbaric" style, Limes Falsa
- Criminal ancient fakes
- Celtic/Germanic imitations of Republican and Imperial coins from outside of the Roman empire, some as far away as from India
- And of course there are modern fakes and imitations. just one example below, otherwhise not a topic for this coins museum, but see under useful links
Increasingly barbarous style in below "Republican denarii".
Roman Imperial Coins (Local "Barbarous" Imitations)
GLORIA ROMANORUM, AE 2, emperor on horse (Barbarian imitation)
LIMES FALSA hybrid combining a late Commodus obverse and a (early) Severus reverse of the legionary series. Such hybrids are not uncommon along the Danube limes. It is not clear if these coins were local contemporary forgeries, or semi-official coins to ease the shortage of coins in those remote regions (with a high demand of money due to the strong military forces needed to defend the northern border)
Subaeratus Coins with a copper core and a thin silver (or gold) layer likely issued secretely by official mints to increase profit for the Roman fiscus
here a Brutus EID MAR denarius with copper core, subaeratus coins exist even of the earliest Lydian coins 600 BC, electron staters and Kroisos coins.
and a denarius of Augustus
Indian Imitations and coins used as jewellery in India. Roman trade reached as far as China into the East. India was a regular trade partner over the Red Sea. Traders established trading stations all along the Western shore of India, with Roman coins (and their imitations) commonly found there. Severian Coins seem to be the last gold coins found there.
Indian Imitation of a Septimius Severus aureusRoman original with 2 holes for jewelry in a Caracalla aureus
Modern Struck Imitiation of a Brutus EID MAR denarius. originals can be found here