The use of coins in Britain dates back thousands of years to Celtic tribes which produced their own quite stylised coins. Their
currency was the gold Stater and the silver and bronze Unit's. Later during 43 A.D. the Romans began their conquest of England
and brought their own currency and coins to the land. After the Romans we move on to the Early and middle Anglo-Saxon
Kingdoms. Each kingdom minted their own coins and they did so by placing precut out prepared thin planchets of metals into coin
dies. The lower die would be set into a block and then the top die would be hammered down, squeezing the planchet in between,
imprinting it with the required design and thus producing coins. These coins are referred to as hammered coins.
The period of use for hammered coins is from around 600 A.D. to 1662 A.D. when milled (machine minted) coins became the
norm. The first milled coins in the UK were actually produced during Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1561 when a French moneyer
called Eloye Mestrelle introduced his method of using a screw press (as pictured on the left and right in the black and white
image above) which was powered by a horse. It is very similar to how some mills ground their grain so this method was nicknamed
"mill money" and this is where we get the term milled coins. These coins were of
superior quality but they soon lost favour as
many workers were worried about losing their jobs due to the introduction of these "machines" and hammered coins were still
faster to produce.
We don't see milled coins being produced again for circulation until the era of Oliver Cromwell "Lord protector" and this is
where this sites focus starts from. Some collectors focus on hammered coins other on milled, some on both. I personally started
collecting milled coins first and started this website to focus on this type of coinage. Milled coins offer a plethora of choices
and types t collect and many sets would take a lifetime to complete.
The great thing about coin collecting is that you can choose the focus of your collection whether it be Pennies, Crowns, coins
from Queen Victoria's era or just a mixture of nice coins, hopefully you will find this website of some use.
Please feel free to download and use parts of this website for your own personal use however all images remain the copyright of
the individuals or organisations that were kind enough to allow CoinsGB use of them. Please do not copy and post pages from this
site to other sites or use them on your own site without authorisation. However do feel free to share links to this site if you like
it or it would benefit the knowledge of others.
Please recommend this site on Google +