1. Compiles employee time, production, and payroll data from time sheets and other records.
2. Verifies attendance, hours worked, and pay adjustments and posts information onto designated records.
3. Calculates or computes wages and deductions and enters data into computer.
4. Reviews time sheets, work charts, timecards, and union agreements for completeness and to determine payroll factors and pay rates.
5. Compares wage computations, logs, and time sheets to detect and reconcile payroll discrepancies.
6. Records employee information, such as exemptions, transfers, leave pay, and insurance coverage to maintain and update payroll records.
7. Compiles and submits payroll status and other reports to designated departments.
8. Processes and issues paychecks to employees.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance .
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
54 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
42 Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems
29 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
29 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
29 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
17 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
13 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
Skills elements are ranked by importance .
Using mathematics to solve problems
67 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
63 Reading Comprehension
46 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
42 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
33 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
33 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
8 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
8 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
4 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy.
Abilities elements are ranked by importance .
85 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
75 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
60 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
60 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
60 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
55 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
50 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
45 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
40 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
40 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
35 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
35 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
35 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
35 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
35 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
30 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
25 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
25 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
15 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
15 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
15 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
15 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
10 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
10 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
10 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
10 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
10 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
5 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
5 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
5 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
5 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
5 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
5 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
Work activities elements are ranked by importance .
83 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
75 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
75 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
67 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
58 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
54 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
46 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
46 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
46 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
38 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
38 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
38 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
33 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
33 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
29 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
29 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
29 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and
cooperative working relationships with others.
25 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
17 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
17 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
13 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
13 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
13 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
8 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
8 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
8 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
8 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
8 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
8 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
4 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
4 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
4 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
4 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
4 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
4 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
4 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
4 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
95 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
90 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
88 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
84 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
48 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
47 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
44 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g. key entry) or mental activities (e.g. checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
40 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
35 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
25 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
24 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g. customers)?
20 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
20 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
20 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
17 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
16 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
13 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
10 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
10 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
10 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
10 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
7 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
6 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
6 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
5 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
5 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
5 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
5 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
4 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
4 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
4 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest .
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Work values elements are ranked by extent .
60 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
59 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
47 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
46 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
41 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
36 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
Workers on this job do their work alone
63 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
63 Supervision, Human Relations
56 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
50 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong