How does buying debt work

how does buying debt work

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Updated July 20, 2015 : The Greek government has received a 7.16 billion euro disbursement ($7.8 billion) from the European Union (EU) as a stop-gap until its full three-year bailout has been settled.

The country is 323 billion euros in debt ($352.7 billion) to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), European Central Bank (ECB) and other creditors – more than 175% of its GDP — for an aid package it received during the 2008-2009 global financial crisis .

Nearly half (3.5 billion euros) of Greece's fresh stop-gap loan immediately went to an ECB payment that was due Monday. On top of that, a 2.05 billion euro payment, plus 1.6 billion euros of interest, went to the IMF.

That means Greece is left with about $10 million.

And with that, Greek banks reopened Monday for the first time in three weeks. Citizens are able to withdraw up to 420 euros a day — far more than the 60-euro limit that'd been in place. Additionally, Greeks may now access their safe-deposit boxes.

These four charts help to put the amount of Greek debt into perspective…

How Much Does Greece Owe?

What Greece Owes, Chart No. 1: Debt to GDP Ratio

Debt-to-GDP ratio measures a country's debt compared to its economic output. In other

words, what a country is borrowing divided by what it's bringing in. The higher the ratio, the harder it will be for a country to repay its debts.

A look at debt-to-GDP ratios in other Eurozone countries reveals Greece isn't the only villain of the seven-year-long-and-counting Eurozone crisis .

Greece has a 174.9% debt-to-GDP ratio. Its Eurozone brethren Italy, Portugal, and Ireland come in high as well, at 132.1%, 129%, and 123.3% respectively.

In fact, because of the debt racked up in many Eurozone countries including Greece, the European Central Bank (ECB) implemented quantitative easing (QE) this month.

What Greece Owes, Chart No. 2: Greek Foreign Debt vs. U.S. Foreign Debt

Greece owes a lot to foreign countries – but not nearly as much as does the U.S.

As of March 6, 2015, U.S. public debt reached $13.08 trillion (74% of fourth-quarter 2014 GDP).

Of that sum, $6.1 trillion (47%) is owned by foreign investors.

China owns the biggest chunk of U.S. foreign debt at $1.3 trillion, followed by Japan at $1.2 trillion. These top two creditors constitute 59% of U.S. foreign debt.

Comparatively, Greece owes $352.7 billion to foreign investors. It owes its top two foreign creditors – the European Union (EU) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – roughly $264.5 million (75% of its total debt).

Source: moneymorning.com

Category: Bank

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