Question: What is the Market Price Per Share and How do you Calculate it?
Calculation of Market Price Per Share
There are several steps you must take in order to calculate the market price per share. The first step is to determine the date on which you want to calculate the market price per share. The second step is to find the price on that particular date. You can look at the company's monthly, quarterly, or annual report to get the stock price on that particular date.
Third, you must consider the preferred stock, if any, that this company owns. If the company owns and has paid dividends on its preferred stock. subtract those dividends from the stock
price you have found from the financial report.
Fourth, determine the number of shares of stock outstanding by looking at the company's quarterly or annual report.
After you have gone through these four steps, you have the information you need to calculate the market price per share. Step 3 gives you the numerator of the equation and Step 4 gives you the denominator of the equation:
Market Price Per Share = Net Income - Preferred Dividends/Number of Shares of Common Shares Outstanding = $________
Interpretation of Market Price Per Share vs Current Trading Price
The market price per share and the current price at which the stock is being traded are not necessarily the same.