In the United States, the most common credit rating that is used is referred to as the FICO (short for Fair Isaac Corporation) credit score. This type of rating was invented by engineer Bill Fair and mathematician Earl Isaac (the founders of the Fair Isaac Corporation) in the 1950s. FICO scores are given in a three-digit format and range between 300 and 850, with higher numbers representing a "better" credit score. There are a variety of ways to you can improve your FICO credit score and other such credit ratings.
There are several main methods of building good credit, each with its own associated time frame. The first step is to secure a line of credit, usually a credit card or small loan of some type. It is important to always make payments on time and to make sure that you never overextend yourself financially and take out more debt than you can easily repay. It is also important to make sure that your debt remains relatively small in comparison to the credit available to you. All of these things will help to build your credit score in a positive manner.
There are several major considerations involved in determining how long it will take a person to build a good credit score. The first consideration, and generally the most important one, is previous credit history. Those with an
extremely poor credit rating or a lot of bad credit history will find it extremely difficult to build good credit. A bankruptcy, for instance, generally has a major negative impact on a person's credit score for around 10 years. Another thing that seriously impacts the length of time required to build good credit is a person's yearly income. Whether it's fair or not, those with high salaries will be able to build good credit much more rapidly than those who earn less money. The last element that is crucial is the availability of a co-signer with established credit. Those who can secure loans with the help of a parent, guardian, friend, relative or spouse who is willing to cosign on the loan will find that is much easier to get a relatively good loan and to quickly build good credit.
The exact time frame that is required to build good credit varies significantly based on the variables mentioned previously. A person with no previous credit history who secures a loan, is never late on payments and who makes a good amount of money will be able to build a relatively good credit score within six months to a year. Those who have a terrible credit history, a severely low credit score and less income often require upwards of a decade to repair their credit and get it back to a decent score.