Head of household is one of five filing statuses.
The first step in filing a tax return is choosing a filing status, based on what you qualify for, that will offer you the lowest tax burden, often by allowing you to claim credits and deductions. The "head of household" filing status, if you are eligible for it, usually results in a lower tax liability than filing single. Although filing as head of household does not prohibit you from claiming an education credit, in contrast to the "married filing separately" status, there are some eligibility requirements you should keep in mind before filing.
If you are married, you can file
as joint or separate, but if you’re single, you are required to file as single, head of household or qualifying widower with dependent child. You are eligible to file as head of household only if you are unmarried by the last day of the tax year, paid more than half the cost of keeping up the household, and are eligible to claim a qualifying person who lived in your home during the tax year. Head of household is not a restrictive filing status, like married filing separate, and does not reduce the credits and deductions for which you are eligible. You can file head of household and claim education credits as long as you meet the IRS eligibility guidelines.