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Posted July 10, 2015
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ARM Mortgage Rates Average 2.93%
Today's mortgage rates remain near historical lows and, with more than 6 million U.S. homes eligible to refinance. a mini-refinance boom is underway.
According to Freddie Mac's most recent mortgage rate survey, 30-year fixed rate mortgages currently average 4.04 percent nationwide; and, 15-year fixed rate mortgages average 3.20%.
Even lower is the 5-year adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), which now averages 2.93%.
It's an excellent time to shop for a loan or comparison shop your existing mortgage against today's low rates.
Mortgage Rates: 4.25 Points Beneath Averages
Each week, government-backed Freddie Mac surveys a network of more than 100 lenders to find the "national mortgage rate" for prime borrowers.
"Prime" borrowers are defined as those having a credit score of 740 of better; verifiable income with acceptable debt-to-income ratios; and a loan-to-value of eighty percent or lower.
The most recent Freddie Mac survey shows the average 30-year mortgage rate at 4.04% for borrowers willing to pay an accompanying 0.6 discount points; and the average 15-year mortgage rate at 3.20% for borrowers paying the same.
As compared to history, these rates are remarkable.
Freddie Mac has tracked mortgage rate data since 1971. Throughout those 44 years, the 30-year mortgage rate has averaged near 8.375 percent. Today's rates are less than half of that.
Banks require fewer discount points, too.
Today's 30-year loans require 0.6 discount points to lock the published rate from Freddie Mac versus the all-time average near 1.3 discount points per loan.
In terms of dollars saved, the figures are huge.
Historically, it has cost $375,000 to pay off a $100,000, 30-year mortgage. Today, that cost is $173,000.
Today's homeowners pay 54 percent less to own their homes as compared to Freddie Mac's historical average. Unfortunately, mortgage rates won't stay this low forever.
When interest rates rise, so will the cost of homeownership.
Today's ARM Mortgage Rates Drop Below 3%
Along with fixed-rate mortgage rates, adjustable-rate mortgage rates are near new lows, too. Freddie Mac's weekly mortgage rate survey puts the 5-year adjustable-rate mortgage at 2.93% nationwide with just 0.4 discount points required at closing.
The 5-year ARM and its low rate can be enticing, but it's important to understand how an adjustable-rate mortgage works before choosing one to finance your home.
Today's ARMs are governed by strict rules which determine by how much rates can change each year; and, which place limits to how high your adjustable-rate mortgage rate can go in any given year.
However, you'll still want to know to what you're agreeing.
ARMs work like this.
For some fixed number of years -- usually between three and ten -- the mortgage rates for an ARM cannot change. With a 5-year ARM, this initial period is five years. With a 7-year ARM, the period is seven years.
Then, after the initial, fixed number of years have passed, the ARM mortgage rate can change but only based on a pre-determined formula .
Most ARMs are limited to interest rate changes of no more than 2% per year, save for their first annual adjustment.
For example, at its first adjustment, a 5-year
ARM is typically limited to a range of ±5 percentage points from the original "teaser" rate; and, a 7-year ARM is typically limited to a range of ±6 percentage points.
This first adjustment is the only time an ARM's rate can move by such large amounts.
Beginning 12 months after the initial adjustment, and repeating every 12 months during the loan's 30 years, ARM mortgage rates are subject to adjust again, but limited to just ±2 percentage points in either direction.
In other words, your mortgage rate can never move more than 2 percentage points in a year -- up or down.
In addition, your rate is "capped". It can't move infinitely higher. This is because ARM mortgage rates are restricted by "collars", which are typically ±5% or ±6% from the loan's starter rate.
The "rules of the ARM" protect borrowers. Payments can't climb at the discretion of the bank; nor can rates changes based on some arbitrary factor.
ARMs can only adjust according to prescribed rules.
Are ARMs Better Than Fixed Rate Mortgages?
In today's market, the mortgage rate of a 5-year ARM is a 111 basis points (1.11%) lower than a comparable 30-year fixed. Rates for the 5-year ARM average 2.93% and rates for the 30-year loan average 4.04%.
Because its rates are lower, 5-year ARMs save $41 per $100,000 borrowed at today's mortgage rates. Getting access to "cheaper payments", though, should not be the reason you choose an adjustable-rate mortgage over a fixed-rate one.
There are 3 bona fide scenarios in which a homeowner should consider an ARM over a 30-year fixed.
The first scenario is one in which the homeowner intends to move or sell within the next 5-7 years.
For homeowners not in need of a "long-term" loan, an adjustable-rate mortgage can be an excellent way forward. There's no need to pay more for the fixed-rate nature of a 30-year fixed rate loan when a 5-year ARM can suffice.
A second scenario for which to consider an ARM is when you know with certainty that you will refinance your home within the next five years.
This scenario can be tricky, however, because there's no guarantee of what mortgage rates will be in the future when you decide to refinance; or whether you'll qualify for a loan when the time comes to refinance.
Lastly, consider a adjustable-rate mortgage if you're comfortable with the notion that your mortgage rate may change, and you're budgeted to make larger payments. Payments for an ARM won't leap uncontrollably, but any increase to your payment can be an uncomfortable one.
Compare Today's Live Mortgage Rates
Current mortgage rates are low. Fixed-rate mortgage rates are near four percent and adjustable-rate mortgage rates are in the 2s. It's a good time to compare your mortgage options and see what you can save.
Get a free mortgage rate quote now. Rates are available online with no social security number required to get started, and no obligation to proceed whatsoever.
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.