Ann Urias Real Estate Broker/Owner Irvine, CA (714) 588-7676 Contact Profile
How does a foreclosure effect your credit report is a perplexing question. This is because Fair-Isaac Company, who started the credit scoring system, will not share this information. What complicates the issue even further is that all the credit information reported is calculated into the individuals' credit score as it occurs. The credit score is updated instantly whenever there is an inquiry, otherwise it sits waiting for some person or institution to access it.
To get negative information on your credit report concerning a foreclosure, the homeowner must not have paid his mortgage or loan payment for 30 to 90 days. So to begin with, his score is decreased by the late payments. Usually, the homeowner is also late on other bills because of his financial crisis and has additional late payments, collections, or judgments. So if he had his credit pulled on a specific date before he started his personal financial decline, he would have seen one score (i.e. 680). The next time he pulls his credit report, after he has been served with his foreclosure notice or even after the foreclosure is completed; he sees his new score (i.e. 450). He is probably shocked and dismayed, especially when he realizes how much more interest the lenders want because of his low credit score. For example, an auto loan to an "A+" credit customer could be 0% interest while for a "D" credit customer, it could be 11% or higher. What does that actually mean? It means that the "D" credit individual will pay $5,500 to $8,000 more for the same car as the "A" credit buyer! The collateral
for the loan is the same car, so the "D" credit person is unfairly penalized for his credit situation.
Your credit score "before and after" the foreclosure is no conclusive answer as to how much the foreclosure has hurt your credit report, but it is an indication. Homeowners tend to believe that once they have had a foreclosure they can never buy a home again. This is absolutely untrue, as we see people buying homes within a year of losing their previous home. They will have to pay a higher interest rate unless their down payment is substantial, usually 15% to 20% of the purchase price. But this sizable down payment is often obtained from friends or family members and carried as a second lien on the property. Also the credit score reduction for the foreclosure is reduced as time goes on, until it settles at a minimal number after a few years.
The foreclosure's immediate impact on an individual's credit report is estimated to be about 100 to 140 points. The bigger impact is from the late payments on other bills which quickly mount up. Doing a "deed in Lieu of Foreclosure" with the lender reports the same as a foreclosure. It is generally believed that a foreclosure stays on your credit report for seven years, but it can stay on longer because it is part of the public record, which could be open for 20 years. So make certain when you do your credit restoration you have it taken off, if it isn't removed automatically.
By Ann Urias Real Estate Broker/Owner with Aston Group - Orange County Real Estate 01451803
Posted on April 21, 2008 06:11 PM