The American Psychological Association, or APA, uses a system to show where source material comes from. It is a means of giving credit where it is due and distinguishing a source's ideas from your own. Any information you take from websites must also be give proper citation.
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In-text Citation With Author
Insert the quote or paraphrase the material you want to use.
Gather the needed information. Two essential elements in the in-text citation are the author’s last name followed by a comma and the year of publication or the last date the webpage was updated. All this information is contained in parentheses.
Insert the in-text citation after the quoted material: “Eastern Europe produces more sheep cheese than cow or goat cheese combined” (Jones, 2014). The period does not come inside the quotation marks but after the in-text citation.
In-text Citation With Author
Identify the title of the web page and the date of publication. The title of the web page is not the title of the website itself. Websites have many web pages, and you should use the title of the web page in the in-text citation.
Insert the quoted or paraphrased material in your paper.
Create the in-text citation using the article title. The title of the web page is placed in quotation marks. If the web page has a long title, just use the first few words of the title in the in-text citation. If the web page title is The Exciting World of Eastern European Cheeses, your in-text
citation would be: (“The Exciting World,” 2014).
Cutting out Material in a Quote
Identify the quote you want to use. For example, the original text reads, "Eastern Europe produces more sheep cheese than cow and goat cheese combined. Sheep cheese tends to be sour and is not exported much to the West."
Insert ellipses where you want to interrupt the quote: “Eastern Europe produces more sheep cheese than cow and goat cheese combined ….
Add the continuation after the ellipses and add the intext citation: “Eastern Europe produces more sheep cheese than cow and goat cheese combined …. and is not exported much to the West” (Jones, 2014).
Gather the needed information to create the reference. To reference a website, use all of the information available and use it in this order: Author’s last name, initial of author’s first name, date, title of web page, the words “Retrieved from” and the exact web address of the page you use.
Construct the reference:
If there is no date available, use (n.d.) where you would place the date.
If there is no author, start the reference with the title of the web page followed by the date, “Retrieved from” and the web address.
Check the details. A period follows the author’s first initial, the date and the title of the web page. When an exact date is available, put the year followed by a comma and then the exact date. Titles of articles are capitalized using sentence case and are not in quotation marks.