This page is partly based on information from Frank O'Shaughnessy and David Morrison.
Solo Whist is a plain-trick game with trumps and bidding, closely related to the more elaborate and now obsolete game of Boston. Solo Whist is mainly played in Britain, having been introduced from the low countries in the late nineteenth century; it is also played to some extent in Australia and New Zealand.
Players and cards
There are four players, each ultimately playing for themselves, though they form temporary alliances - one against three or two against two - for each hand.
A standard 52 card pack is used, the cards in each suit ranking from high to low: A K Q J 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2.
bidding and play are clockwise. The cards are shuffled by the dealer and cut by the player to dealer's right. The dealer then deals out all the cards so that everyone has 13. The cards are dealt in packets of three until only four cards remain. These last four cards are dealt singly, turning the last card face up to indicate the prospective trump suit. This exposed card is part of the dealer's hand and can be picked up by the dealer at the end of the first trick if it was not played to that trick. The turn to deal passes to the left after each hand.
Beginning with the player to dealer's left, each player may pass or bid a contract. The possible bids in ascending order are as follows: