What is stratigraphic correlation

The transgressive-regressive sequence (T-R sequence ) of Embry and Johannessen (1992) is enveloped by "composite surfaces " that include subaerial unconformities and/or ravinement surfaces and their correlative maximum regressive surface s (Catuneanu, 2002). Catuneanu (2002) suggests that the "T-R sequence has more utility than the depositional and genetic stratigraphic sequence s". He indicates the "correlative conformity is replaced with the marine portion of the maximum regressive surface ." He believes that the "latter surface has the advantage of being recognizable in shallow marine settings of virtually any type of outcrop." The problem with this approach is that nonmarine and marine portions of the sequence boundary (the subaerial unconformity and the maximum regressive surface respectively) are potentially diachronous and may also be mixed with the ravinement surface.

References Cited

Catuneanu, Octavian, William E. Galloway, Christopher G. St. C. Kendall, Andrew D. Miall, Henry W. Posamentier, André Strasser, and Maurice E. Tucker, 2011, sequence stratigraphy. Methodology and Nomenclature, Newsletters on stratigraphy. Vol. 44/3, 173–245 Stuttgart (November 2011 50 figures and 1 table)

Catuneanu, Octavian (2002). Sequence stratigraphy of clastic systems: concepts, merits, and pitfalls Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 35, Issue 1, Pages 1-43

Curray, J.R. 1964, transgression s and regression s. In: Miller, R.L. (Ed.), Papers in Marine Geology. Macmillan, New York, pp. 175– 203.

Embry, A.F. 1993, Transgressive–regressive (T–R) sequence analysis of the Jurassic succession of the Sverdrup basin. Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 30, 301–320.

Embry, A.F. 1995, sequence boundaries and sequence hierarchies: problems and proposals. In: Steel, R.J. Felt, V.L. Johannessen, E.P. Mathieu, C. (Eds.), sequence stratigraphy on the Northwest European Margin, vol. 5 (Special Publication). Norwegian Petroleum Society (NPF), pp. 1–11.

Embry, A.F. Johannessen, E.P. 1992, T–R sequence stratigraphy. facies analysis and reservoir distribution in the uppermost Triassic- Lower Jurassic succession, western Sverdrup basin. Arctic Canada. In: Vorren, T.O. Bergsager, E. Dahl-Stamnes, O.A. Holter, E. Johansen, B. Lie, E. Lund, T.B. (Eds.), Arctic Geology and Petroleum Potential, vol. 2 (Special Publication). Norwegian Petroleum Society (NPF), pp. 121–146.

Frazier, D.E. 1974, Depositional episodes: their relationship to the Quaternary stratigraphic framework in the northwestern portion of the Gulf basin. Geological Circular, vol. 1, no. 1.

University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, p. 28.

Galloway, W.E. 1989 , Genetic stratigraphic sequence s in basin analysis. I. Architecture and genesis of flooding-surface bounded depositional units. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 73, 125–142.

Haq, B.U. Hardenbol, J. Vail, P.R. 1987, Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic. Science 235, 1156–1166.

Hunt, D. Tucker, M.E. 1992, Stranded parasequence s and the forced regressive wedge systems tract. deposition during base-level fall. Sedimentary Geology 81, 1–9.

Hunt, D. Tucker, M.E. 1995, Stranded parasequence s and the forced regressive wedge systems tract. deposition during base-level fall––reply. Sedimentary Geology 95, 147–160.

Plint, A.G. Nummedal, D. 2000, The falling stage systems tract. recognition and importance in sequence stratigraphic analysis. In: Hunt, D. Gawthorpe, R.L. (Eds.), Sedimentary Response to forced regression. vol. 172. Geol. Soc. London Speci. Publ, pp. 1–17.

Pomar, L. 1991, Reef geometries, erosion surfaces and high frequency sea level changes, Upper Miocene Reef Complex, Mallorca, Spain: Sedimentology, v. 38, p. 243–269.

Posamentier, H.W. Allen, G.P. 1999. Siliciclastic sequence stratigraphy. concepts and applications. SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology no. 7, 210 p

Posamentier, H.W. Jervey, M.T. Vail, P.R. 1988, eustatic controls on clastic deposition. I. Conceptual framework. In: Wilgus, C.K. Hastings, B.S. Kendall, C.G.St.C. Posamentier, H.W. Ross, C.A. Van Wagoner, J.C. (Eds.), Sea Level Changes––An Integrated Approach, vol. 42. SEPM Special Publication, pp. 110– 124.

Vail, P. R. R. G. Todd,and J. B. Sangree, 1977, Seismic stratigraphy and Global Changes of Sea Level: Part 5. Chronostratigraphic Significance of Seismic Reflections: Section 2. Application of Seismic Reflection Configuration to Stratigraphic Interpretation Memoir 26, Pages 99 – 116.

Van Wagoner, J.C. Posamentier, H.W. Mitchum, R.M. Vail, P.R. Sarg, J.F. Loutit, T.S. Hardenbol, J. 1988, An overview of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions. In: Wilgus, C.K. Hastings, B.S. Kendall, C.G.St.C. Posamentier, H.W. Ross, C.A. Van Wagoner, J.C. (Eds.), Sea Level Changes––An Integrated Approach, vol. 42. SEPM Special Publication, pp. 39–45.

Van Wagoner, J.C. Mitchum Jr. R.M. Campion, K.M. Rahmanian, V.D. 1990, Siliciclastic sequence stratigraphy in well logs, core, and outcrops: concepts for high-resolution correlation of time and facies. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Methods in Exploration Series 7, 55 pp.

Source: www.sepmstrata.org

Category: Forex

Similar articles: