How to import a .cer certificate into a java keystore?
During the development of a Java webservice client I ran into a problem. Authentication for the webservice is using a client certificate, a username and a password. The client certificate I received from the company behind the webservice is in .cer format. When I inspect the file using a text editor, it has the following contents:
I can import this file as a certificate in Internet Explorer (without having to enter a password!) and use it to authenticate with the webservice.
I was able to import this certificate into a keystore by first stripping the first and last line, converting to unix newlines and running a base64-decode. The resulting file can be imported into a keystore (using the keytool command). When I list the entries in the keystore, this entry
is of the type trustedCertEntry. Because of this entry type (?) I cannot use this certificate to authenticate with the webservice. I'm beginning to think that the provided certificate is a public certificate which is being used for authentication.
A workaround I have found is to import the certificate in IE and export it as a .pfx file. This file can be loaded as a keystore and can be used to authenticate with the webservice. However I cannot expect my clients to perform these steps every time they receive a new certificate. So I would like to load the .cer file directly into Java. Any thoughts?
Additional info: the company behind the webservice told me that the certificate should be requested (using IE & the website) from the PC and user that would import the certificate later. Maybe that helps.