How do I install an SSL Certificate into Microsoft Exchange 2007?

how to see installed certificates

How do I install an SSL Certificate into Microsoft Exchange 2007?

This tutorial will be given in 3 parts. All parts must be completed, but you may find that either Part I and/or Part II may already be completed depending on your security settings and the version of your Windows Server. If the certificate installation is a renewal of an already existing QuoVadis certificate, you may not need to do Parts I and II as you should already have the certificates. The intermediate files must also be installed to ensure that some browsers do not show a certificate error.

Part I - Installing the Intermediate (chaining) Certificates

Part I explains how to install the intermediate files that are required. QuoVadis uses various Intermediate certificates that must be installed on the server to prevent errors in certain browsers. You may want to go through these steps and if the intermediate certificates are not installed, then please obtain them and follow through with the rest of Part I. These files should have been included in the email that was sent with the certificate. If not, they have been included in this knowledge base article.

First you must open the Microsoft Management Console.

  • In the Run window, type MMC in the Open: field and click on the OK button.

    The Console1 window will appear.

  • Click on File at the top and then select Add/Remove Snap-in. Alternatively, you can press Ctrl + M .
  • In the Add/Remove Snap-in window, click on the Add. button at the bottom. This will open a third window named Add Standalone Snap-in .
  • Scroll down in the Add Standalone Snap-in window and find the Certificates component. Once found, highlight it and click on the Add button at the bottom. Alternatively, you can double-click on Certificates.

    In a new window, you will be given 3 options for which account you want the certificates snap-in to manage.

  • Select the Computer account radio button and click on the Next button.
  • At the next screen, click on the Finish button.
  • Back in the Add Standalone Snap-in window, click on the Close button.
  • Click on the OK button in the Add/Remove Snap-in window.

    You should be back in the Console1 window. You will see that the Certificates (Local Computer) has been added on the left hand pane.

  • Click on the "+" sign next to Certificates (Local Computer) to expand it.
  • Locate and expand the Intermediate Certification Authorities store and then click on the Certificates folder underneath it.

    In the right hand pane, you should see a list of certificates. Verify that you have the QuoVadis Global SSL ICA G2 certificate in this list of certificate in the right hand pane. If you do have this certificate in the Intermediate Certification Authorities store, then you can skip to Part II. If you do not, then the next steps will guide you through the process of installing this file.

  • Place the certificate in a directory where it can be accessed by the server.
  • Right-click on the Certificates folder underneath the Intermediate Certification Authorities folder and in the drop-down menu, select All Tasks and then click on Import .
  • The Certificate Import Wizard will appear. At the welcome screen, click on the Next button.
  • You must specify the file to import. Click on the Browse. button and find and select the QuoVadis Global SSL ICA G2 certificate. Once selected, it should appear in the File name: field. Click on the Next button.
  • On the next screen, the option for Place all certificates in the following store should be selected by default and in the Certificate store: field should be Intermediate Certification Authorities. Click on the Next button.
  • At the summary screen, click on the Finish button.

    You should get a message that reads, "The import was successful."

    Part II - Installing the Root Certificates

    Generally, your Windows Server should have the QuoVadis Root certificates installed, however there have been cases where they have not been. When you install the SSL certificate, if the root certificate is not present, the system will prompt you to trust it, which will also install it. For Part II, you will be installing the QuoVadis Root Certification Authority and

    the QuoVadis Root CA 2. which expires 2031. Part II assumes that you currently have the Microsoft Management Console open. If you do not, you can find the instructions in Part I of this guide, steps 1-9.

    1. Click on the "+" sign next to Certificates (Local Computer) to expand it (if it isn't already expanded).
  • Locate and expand the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store and the click on the Certificates folder underneath it.

    In the right hand pane, you should see a list of certificates. Click on any certificate that you see and press the letter "Q" on your keyboard to fast-track to the QuoVadis root certificates. Verify that you have the QuoVadis Root CA 2 certificate in this list of certificates in the right hand pane. If you see the QuoVadis Root CA 2 certificate, please make sure that the expiry date of this certificate is 2031 and not 2017. If the certificate is present, then your website should not show any trust errors then you can skip to Part III. If you do not see this certificate in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store, then the next steps will guide you through the process of installing this file.

  • Place the certificate in a directory where it can be accessed by the server.
  • Right-click on the Certificates folder underneath the Trusted Root Certification Authorities folder and in the drop-down menu, select All Tasks and then click on Import .
  • The Certificate Import Wizard will appear. At the welcome screen, click on the Next button.
  • You must specify the file to import. Click on the Browse. button and find and select the QuoVadis Root CA 2 certificate. Once selected, it should appear in the File name: field. Click on the Next button.
  • On the next screen, the option for Place all certificates in the following store should be selected by default and in the Certificate store: field should be Trusted Root Certification Authorities. Click on the Next button.
  • At the summary screen, click on the Finish button.

    You should get a message that reads, "The import was successful. "

  • Part III - Installing the Certificate

    Part III explains how to install the SSL certificate. Installing the SSL certificate will be done using the Microsoft Exchange Management Shell tool.

    1. Place the certificate that you receive from QuoVadis directly in the root of the C: drive. Note: You can change the location of the certificate file other than the C: drive, however the "Import Certificate Command" will change from what is displayed in this article.
  • Open the Exchange Management Shell.
  • Run the following command:

    Import-ExchangeCertificate -Path C:\<certificate_file>.cer

    Note: If you put the certificate file in another directory, then you will have to specify the exactly location and certificate file after the -Path string.

  • To enable the certificate you have just installed, we will need to reference in the thumbprint of the new certificate. In order to do this, you will need to copy the thumbprint of the certificate to your clipboard.
  • Enter in the following command to see the thumbprint.

    Get-ExchangeCertificate –DomainName "<mail.domain.com>"

    Note: Please change the <mail.domain.com> directive to the Common Name (or URL) of the certificate you just installed.

  • Right click anywhere on the Exchange Shell Management and select Mark from the drop down menu.
  • Next, highlight the entire string of letters and numbers underneath the Thumbprint heading that appears. Press the Enter key when the Thumbprint is hightlighted.
  • Next run the following command, making sure to right-click and paste in the thumbprint to replace the <certificate-thumprint>:

    Enable-ExchangeCertificate –ThumbPrint <certificate-thumbprint> -services "SMTP, IMAP, POP, IIS"

    Note: The services that are shown in the example above is what is most frequently used. You can remove any service that you do not want to enable this certificate for. The list of services that you can choose from are IMAP, POP, UM, IIS, and SMTP.

    OCSP Stapling Support

    Although optional, it is highly recommended to enable OCSP Stapling which will improve the SSL handshake speed of your website.

    Windows Server 2008 automatically utilizes OCSP Stapling by default. No additional configuration is required.

    Article ID: 91, Created On: 01.02.2010, Modified: 11.04.2014

    Source: support.quovadisglobal.com

    Category: Insurance

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