SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMQENTS
In WTO agreement, protection of human safety or health, protection of animal and plant life or health and also protection of the environment is of prime importance, all these are broadly covered in Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) requirements. The agreement on the application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures is an integral part of final Act GATT 1994 (b) and of Agreement on Agriculture.SPS measures are defined as any measure applied in the following ways-
(a) To protect animal or plant life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from the entry, establishment or spread or pests, disease and disease carrying organisms;
(b) To protect human or animal life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease causing organisms on foods, beverages or feed stuffs;
(c) To protect human life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from the disease carried by animals,plants or products thereof, or from the entry, establishment or spread of pests; or
(d) To prevent or limit other damages within the territory of the member from the entry, establishment or spread of the pests.
SPS measures include all laws decrees, regulation requirements and procedures including inter alia, end product criteria, process and production methods, testing, inspection certification and approval procedures, quarantine treatments including relevant requirements associated with the transport of animals or plants or with the materials necessary for their survival during transportation, provisions on the relevant statistical methods, sampling procedures and methods of risk assessment and packaging and
labelling requirements directly related to food safety.
These measures thus include food additives, contaminants, toxins, drug or pesticide residues in food, certificate of food, animal or plant health safety, processing methods, food labelling, plant or animal quarantine, requirement for prevention, control or establishment of pest or disease and sanitary requirements for imports. Where as the sanitary provisions relates to food and animal health, phytosanitary provisions relate to plant health aspects of products.
Phyto Sanitary Certification (PSC)
The phytosanitary certificate is an official declaration stating that plants and plant material that move across international boundaries are free from pests and diseases so as to prevent introduction and spread of any pests in the newer areas. PSC paves the way for rapid screening and expeditious release of imported plants/ plant material at the port of arrival .In WTO agreement, its adoption has assumed greater significance.
Facilities for issue of PSC: The requisite arrangements have been made in the country for the inspection of PSC.All Plant Quarantine field stations are authorised to issue PSC in respect of exportable agricultural items, where as the identified officers of the Argil/Horticulture Departments of States/ Unoin tritories are to issue PSC only for perishable commodities comprising fresh fruits and vegetables.
(1) Application – Exporter has to apply to the PSC Issuing Officer (PIO)
(2) Intimation from PIO - about date, place, time to produce exportable material for certification
(3) Presentation of consignment -Exporter will do it at his own expanses
(5) Facility for inspection
(7) Post inspection formalities