By Susan Ward. Small Business: Canada Expert
Susan Ward is a business writer and experienced business person; she and her partner run Cypress Technologies, an IT consulting business, providing services such as software and database development.
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We tend to think of the developing world when we think of microfinance, but the concept of providing loans and financial services to people who would otherwise have no or limited access to them is alive and well in Canada, too - good news for prospective entrepreneurs looking for start-up money.
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Often it doesn’t take much to get a new business going.
Fifty-eight percent of Canada's small business owners started out with less than $5,000, and 79% started their business with less than $20,000, according to a study of entrepreneurship in Canada by Intuit Canada. (And for one-person shops, the study found that that number is even higher: 77% reported starting with less than $5,000.)
But that $5,000 can be as difficult as trying to borrow $5 million if you’re a person with poor credit and/or no collateral .
Fortunately, the Canadian government, Credit Unions and community groups have developed programs that offer microcredit (small business loans of under $20,000) to people who would have difficulty getting a traditional business loan.
Here are micro loan sources you may be able to tap into for starting your Canadian small business:
Who Offers Microfinance Programs?
Many microfinance programs in Canada are location based; you have to be living in a particular region to qualify. Check this list to see what micro loans are available to start (and sometimes to expand) a business where you live.
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- Remarkable Micro Loan Program (Credit Unions of BC) - offers BC residents 18 to 29 years old low interest micro loans of up to $5,000 for starting a Canadian small business.
- Community Micro Lending. Billed as Canada’s first peer-to-peer micro lending, this non-profit society, has two branches in BC, one in Victoria and one in the Okanagan. They provide start up loans of up to $5,000 and expansion loans of up to $10,000 to entrepreneurs who aren’t able to get the credit they need from a bank or credit union. Anyone can loan money to successful loan applicants through the organization’s website. (Currently, there’s a minimum of $500 for lenders.)
- Microloans for Green Business – Vancity Credit Union in Vancouver, BC, offers a suite of small business loans. This program’s aim is to help start-up entrepreneurs develop green businesses or work on launching green technologies.
- Assiniboine Credit Union Micro Loan Program - Offered through partnership with Western Economic Diversification Canada, the program offers small business loans up to a maximum of $35,000 to start or grow small businesses in the Winnipeg area.
- Western Economic Diversification Canada (WD) offers a micro loan program to provide small business loans to small businesses in Vancouver, Victoria, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon and Winnipeg.
- Access Community Capital Fund – A registered charity, Access provides micro loans to people without collateral or credit history who want to improve their standard of living by starting a business in the Greater Toronto area. Loans are a maximum of $5,000 for first time borrowers and $10,000 for second time borrowers.
- Alterna Savings; Community Micro Loan Program - small business loans for those wanting to start businesses in Toronto and area.
- Ottawa Community Loan Fund - Loans of up to $15,000 to start or expand a business in the Ottawa area.
- Montreal Community Loan Association – This
community organization provides loans of up to $5,000 to low-income individuals who want to start their own businesses but can’t get credit through the usual channels. You must live on the Island of Montreal to access the program.
- Student Entrepreneurship Program – The Government of New Brunswick offers interest-free loans of up to $3,000 to students who want to start a summer business. The business has to create at least one full-time summer job and provide the applicant with “valuable business experience”.
- Seed Capital Initiative – While not technically a micro loan program, this government program operated through the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency provides loans of up to $20,000 to aspiring entrepreneurs in the Atlantic provinces (as well as loans to expand or improve small businesses). The Seed program also allows each client to access up to $2,000 for business training and consulting (which does not have to be repaid).
- Enterprise Greater Moncton – If you live in the Dieppe, Moncton and Riverview area of New Brunswick, access the Seed Capital Program here.
- Enterprise Saint John - ACOA's Seed Capital Program can be accessed by those in the greater Saint John area in New Brunswick to start, expand or improve a small business.
- Enterprise Fredericton – operates the Seed financing program for budding entrepreneurs in Fredericton, Oromocto and New Maryland in New Brunswick.
- Centre for Entrepreneurship Education and Development (CEED ) - Available to businesses in Halifax, Dartmouth and Bedford, the Seed Capital Program is for people who want to start a business age 18 and up – although young entrepreneurs (age 18 to 34) may also use funds as a business growth loan.
- Metro Business Opportunities (MBO) – To access the SEED program in Newfoundland and Labrador, you must be located in the St. John’s – Mount Pearl area.
- In St John’s, there is also a Micro-Business Development Group (MBDG) Pilot Project for entrepreneurs who are planning, starting or expanding a micro-business. The program provides micro loans of up to $10,000 as well as access to training, business counselling and business networks.
- Kick$tart – If you’re under 35, living in Newfoundland and Labrador, and unable to get the money you need to start or expand your business, you can get a $5,000 low-interest loan. (Note that you do not have to be 18 or older to access this program, as long as your parent or guardian is willing to co-sign the loan if you’re under 18.)
Immigrant Access Fund Micro Loans – IAF loans are for tradespeople, professionals and/ or skilled workers from other countries to get the licensing or training that they need in work in their field in Canada. Loans of up to $10,000 are available to immigrants living in Canada (excluding BC and Quebec at time of writing).
In BC, low income immigrants who don’t meet the criteria for conventional loans can get micro loans of up to $5,000 through DIVERSEcity to start a business or get the training or certification they need to work in their field in Canada.
No Micro Loans Listed for You?
The best news of all is that the microfinance movement is spreading. If you don’t see any loans that you can apply for in the list above, check with the economic and/or social development agencies in your home town and ask your Credit Union or Caisse Populaire if they have such a program. Just because a bank won’t give you a loan doesn’t mean the money you need to launch your dream is out of reach.
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