Agriculture is a very important sector that helps alleviate hunger and poverty. It is also essential for the development of a country, but unfortunately people are using some very poor practices which is destroying our mother earth.
Land transformation, the use of land to yield goods and services, is the most substantial way humans alter the Earth's ecosystems, and is considered the driving force in the loss of biodiversity. Estimates of the amount of land transformed by humans vary from 39 to 50%. Land degradation, the long-term decline in ecosystem function and productivity, is estimated to be occurring on 24% of land worldwide, with cropland overrepresented. The UN-FAO report cites land management as the driving factor behind degradation and reports that 1.5 billion people rely upon the degrading land. Degradation can be deforestation, desertification. soil erosion. mineral depletion, or chemical degradation (acidification and salinization ).
Eutrophication. excessive nutrients in aquatic ecosystems resulting in algal blooms and anoxia. leads to fish kills. loss of biodiversity, and renders water unfit for drinking and other industrial uses. Excessive fertilization and manure application to cropland, as well as high livestock
stocking densities cause nutrient (mainly nitrogen and phosphorus ) runoff and leaching from agricultural land. These nutrients are major nonpoint pollutants contributing to eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems.
Agriculture accounts for 70% of withdrawals of freshwater resources. Agriculture is a major draw on water from aquifers. and currently draws from these underground water sources at an unsustainable rate. It is long known that aquifers in areas as diverse as northern China, the Upper Ganges and the western US are being depleted, and new research extends these problems to aquifers in Iran, Mexico and Saudi Arabia. Increasing pressure is being placed on water resources by industry and urban areas, meaning that water scarcity is increasing and agriculture is facing the challenge of producing more food for the world's growing population with fewer water resources. Agricultural water usage can also cause major environmental problems, including the destruction of natural wetlands, the spread of water-borne diseases, and land degradation through salinization and waterlogging, when irrigation is performed incorrectly.
So from this article we see that there is still a lot we have to do to save our dying mother earth.
Category: Personal Finance