Clipping chicken wings is the most effective way to keep chickens from flying over the fence. Part of frugal living can involve raising your own food. If your food (or egg producing hen) keeps flying over the fence, it soon becomes food for predators, so keep the flight feathers on the wings trimmed and you'll have chickens inside the yard where they'll be safe.
If you're raising chickens in an enclosed area, with a roof or netting overhead, you won't have to trim their wings.
There are two schools of thought when clipping chicken wings: 1) trim only one wing; and, 2) trim both wings.
- Trimming one wing makes the chicken fly off balance and out of control. I suppose the chicken feels awkward about its flight, and so stops trying to fly.
- Trimming both wings makes more sense to me. I think it makes flight impossible, and it keeps the chicken balanced when it tries to fly. I don't know if this makes the chicken feel any better, but it makes me feel better.
When trimming wing feathers, it's best to have help. You can do it alone, but it is much more stressful for you and the chicken. You also risk cutting yourself as there just isn't an easy way to hold a large struggling bird, extend its wing, and carefully operate a pair of scissors.
There isn't much of a science to clipping chicken wings. Extend the wing of the chicken and cut back feathers as much as reasonably possible. Look at the
tips of the flight feathers (trailing edge of the wings) and you'll see where they meet up with another row of feathers close to the wing. This is where you want to make your cut.
Only cut the feathers that are easy to cut with a large pair of scissors. You can cut them with one deep cut, or in stages, an inch or two at a time.
Some of the feathers will need about 3 to 4 inches removed if they're long, while others will only need about 2 inches removed.
There are roughly 20 feathers on each wing that need to be cut - the entire trailing edge of the wing. When it gets difficult to cut the feathers, you've probably cut them plenty short enough.
Don't use Kindergarten scissors or other kids scissors. Get a pair of large scissors common for cutting paper. This will do the job very well, and you'll be able to cut through many feathers with each cut.
Once you have a little experience clipping chicken wings, it won't seem to be such a mystery.
Here are some photos to help you with your task.
Chicken wing before the cut.
Looking at the underside of the wing, you can easily see where the cut needs to be made - near where the long flight feathers are overlapped by the other row of shorter feathers.
The green line shows the location of the wing. The red line suggests where the feathers should be trimmed.