Tax returns who must file

tax returns who must file

42.15.301 WHO MUST FILE RETURNS

(1) The following must file an individual income tax return:

(a) every resident who is a single person, and every resident who is a married person who does not elect or, as provided in ARM 42.15.321. is not allowed to elect, to file a joint return with a spouse, must file a return if the person's gross income from all sources for the taxable year is more than $4,370, adjusted as provided in (2);

(b) married persons, both of whom are residents, not filing separate returns must file a joint return if their combined gross income for the taxable year from all sources exceeds $8,740, adjusted as provided in (2);

(c) every nonresident who is a single person, and every nonresident who is a married person who does not elect or, as provided in ARM 42.15.321. is not allowed to elect, to file a joint return with a spouse, must file a return if the person has any Montana source income or loss and their gross income from all sources is more than $4,370, adjusted as provided in (2); and

(d) married persons, both of whom are full-year nonresidents, not filing separate returns, must file a joint return if either or both of them have any Montana source income or loss and their combined gross income for the taxable year from all sources exceeds $8,740, adjusted as provided in (2).

(2) The minimum gross income amounts requiring filing a return shown in (1) were calculated for tax year 2014. Minimum gross income amounts:

(a) are adjusted annually in accordance with 15-30-2602. MCA. By November 1 of each year, the department will multiply the minimum amount of gross income necessitating filing by the inflation figure for the current taxable year;

(b) are increased by the value of any exemptions the person is entitled to for age 65 or for blindness, but are not also increased by the exemption allowed for all taxpayers under 15-30-2114 (2)(a), MCA; and

(c) can be obtained for previous tax years by accessing the past-year downloadable tax forms from the homepage of the department's web site at revenue.mt.gov.

(3) The following must file a fiduciary return:

(a) the estate of a decedent who was a resident must file a return if its gross income for the year from all sources exceeds its exemption allowance;

(b) the estate of a decedent who was a nonresident must file a return if its gross income from all sources exceeds its exemption allowance, and the estate has any Montana source income; and

(c) a nonbusiness trust which is not a grantor trust and is subject to the Montana Trust Code, Title 72, chapter 33, MCA, must file a return if its gross income for the year from all sources exceeds its exemption allowance.

(4) A business trust, including a REIT, is treated as a C corporation taxable under Title 15, chapter 31, MCA. See chapters 23 and 24 of Title 42, Administrative Rules of Montana, for the corporation license tax rules.

(5) A nonresident's distributive share of a pass-through entity's Montana source income is included in determining a nonresident's obligation to file a Montana individual income tax return. A nonresident whose only Montana source income for the tax year is from one or more partnerships or S corporations, each of which has elected to file a composite return and pay a composite tax on behalf of consenting participants, is not required to file an individual income tax return. A nonresident who has Montana source income from a partnership or S corporation who does not elect to file a composite return or who has any other Montana source income (for example, wages from employment in Montana or rental income from property located in Montana), is required to file a Montana individual income tax return if the gross income from all sources, adjusted as provided in this rule, exceeds the applicable limit.

History: 15-1-201. 15-30-2620. 15-31-501. MCA; IMP. 15-30-2602. 15-30-2603. 15-30-3302. 15-30-3311. 15-30-3312. MCA; Eff. 12/31/72; AMD. Eff. 10/5/74; AMD. 1982 MAR p. 10, Eff. 1/15/82; AMD. 1996 MAR p. 2605, Eff. 10/4/96; AMD. 2002 MAR p. 3708, Eff. 12/27/02; AMD. 2004 MAR p. 3147, Eff. 12/17/04; AMD. 2010 MAR p. 1088, Eff. 4/30/10; AMD. 2014 MAR p. 2976, Eff. 12/12/14.

Source: www.mtrules.org

Category: Taxes

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