Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E): Some Tools, Methods and Approaches
Government officials, development managers and civil society are increasingly aware of the value of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of development activities. M&E provides a better means of learning from past experience, improving service delivery, planning and allocating resources, and demonstrating results as part of accountability to key stakeholders. Yet there is often confusion about what M&E entails. This booklet therefore presents a sample of M&E tools, methods and approaches, including several data collection methods, analytical frameworks, and types of evaluation and review. For each of these, a summary is provided
of the following: their purpose and use; advantages and disadvantages; costs, skills, and time required; and key references. The booklet discusses:
The logical framework (logframe) approach
Rapid appraisal methods
Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis
This second edition of the M&E booklet includes an expanded discussion of various types of impact evaluation. The booklet is available in English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish.